What is MTSS
MTSS (Multi-tiered System of Support)
Multi-tiered System of Support (MTSS), is the way schools support students by systematically delivering a range of interventions based on demonstrated levels of need.
MTSS is defined as "the practice of providing high-quality instruction and interventions matched to student need, monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction or goals, and applying child response data to important educational decisions" (Batsche et al., 2005). Based on a problem-solving model, the MTSS approach considers environmental factors as they might apply to an individual student's difficulty, and provides services/intervention as soon as the student demonstrates a need.
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is based on a problem-solving model and aims to prevent inappropriate behavior through teaching and reinforcing appropriate behaviors (OSEP Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports, 2007). Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a process that is consistent with the core principles of MTSS. PBIS offers a range of interventions that are systematically applied to students based on their demonstrated level of need, and addresses the role of the environment as it applies to development and improvement of behavior problems.
The combination of MTSS and PBIS provides effective instructional strategies for both academic and behavior systems.
Grounded in the same principles as Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), the core features of MTSS include:
- Expectations for high quality, research-based instruction in general education classrooms.
- Universal, classroom-based screening to identify need for additional support.
- Collaborative, team-based approach to development, implementation, and evaluation of alternative interventions.
- Increasingly intense, multi-tiered application of an array of high-quality, evidence-based instruction matched to individual needs.
- Continuous monitoring of progress to determine impact of interventions.
- Expectations for parent involvement throughout the process.